Old master is a term for a European painter of skill who worked before about 1800, or a painting by such an artist. An old master drawings, (disegni antichi, antichi maestri, dessins anciens, meister zeichnungen) is an original drawing made by an artist in the same period. Likewise an old master print. In theory an Old Master should be an artist who was fully trained, was a Master of his local artists guild, and worked independently, but in practice paintings considered to be produced by pupils or workshops will be included in the scope of the term. Therefore, beyond a certain level of competence, date rather than quality is the criterion for using the term. art drawings, master drawings, old master drawing techniques, old master drawings, old master drawings dealers, old master drawings london, old master drawings new york, old master drawings week, old master drawings week new york, sotheby's old master drawings. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries the term often had a starting date of perhaps 1450 or 1470; paintings made before that were primitives; but this distinction is no longer made. The original OED from the beginning of the 20th century, defines the term as a master who lived before the period accounted modern, chiefly applied to painters from the 13th to the 16th or 17th century. Rather surprisingly, the first quotation they give is from a popular encyclopedia of 1840: As a painter of animals, Edwin Landseer far surpasses any of the old masters. There are comparable terms in Dutch, French and German; the Dutch may have been the first to make use of the term, in the 18th century, when it mostly meant painters of the Dutch Golden Age of the previous century. Les Maitres d'autrefois of 1876 by Eugene Fromentin may have helped to popularize the concept, although vieux maitres is also used in French. The famous collection in Dresden at the Gemaldegalerie Alte Meister is one of the few museums to include the term in its actual name, although many more use it in the title of departments or sections. The collection in the Dresden museum essentially stops at the Baroque period. The end-date is necessarily vague-Goya (1746-1828) is certainly an Old Master, and he was still painting and printmaking at his death in 1828. For example the term might be used, but usually is not, about John Constable (1776-1837) or Eugène Delacroix (1798-1868). The term tends to be avoided by Art historians as too vague, especially when discussing paintings, although the terms Old Master Prints and Old Master drawings are still used. It remains more current in the art trade. Auction houses still usually divide their sales between, for example: Old Master Paintings, Nineteenth-century paintings and Modern paintings. Christie's defines the term as ranging from the 14th to the early 19th century. Tag cloud: sotheby's old master drawings, disegni, antichi maestri, dessins, dessins anciens, meister zeichnungen, fine art, Italian drawing, chalk, pen, watermark, Barocci, Carracci, Cardi, Girolamo Romano,laid paper, charcoal, Guardi, Volterrano, Conca, Burrini, Diziani, Ferretti, Martelli. continue reading..: old master drawings wiki oldmasterdrawings.org: provider of old master drawings,disegni antichi,antichi maestri,dessins anciens,meister zeichnungen.
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